Catherine II of Russia

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Catherine II of Russia
Mmádu
ụdịekerenwanyị Dezie
mba o sịRussian Empire, Kingdom of Prussia Dezie
allegianceRussian Empire Dezie
Aha ọmụmụSophie Friederike Auguste von Anhalt-Zerbst Dezie
Aha enyereEkaterina, Katharina, Catherine, Sophie Dezie
aha ezinụlọ yano value Dezie
aha ọmaEmperor of all the Russias, empress consort, Grand Duchess, German Prince Dezie
ụbọchị ọmụmụ ya2 Mee 1729 Dezie
Ebe ọmụmụSzczecin Dezie
Ụbọchị ọnwụ ya6 Novemba 1796 Dezie
Ebe ọ nwụrụSaint Petersburg Dezie
Ụdị ọnwụeke na-akpata Dezie
ihe kpatara ọnwụọrịa strok Dezie
Ebe oliliPeter and Paul Cathedral Dezie
ŃnàChristian August, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst Dezie
ŃnéJoanna Elisabeth of Holstein-Gottorp Dezie
nwanneFrederick Augustus, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst Dezie
Dị/nwunyePeter III of Russia Dezie
onye mmekọ na-alụghị alụStanisław August Poniatowski, Grigory Orlov, Alexander Vasilchikov, Grigory Potemkin Dezie
nwaPaul I of Russia, Anna Petrovna, Alexey Bobrinsky Dezie
EzinụlọQ124079217 Dezie
Asụsụ obodoGerman Dezie
asụsụ ọ na-asụ, na-ede ma ọ bụ were na-ebinye akaRussian, German, French language Dezie
Asụsụ ọ na-edeGerman Dezie
Ọrụ ọ na-arụOnye ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị, monarch, art collector, aristocrat Dezie
Ọkwá o jiEmperor of all the Russias Dezie
Ebe obibiSzczecin, Saint Petersburg Dezie
Ebe ọrụMpaghara Russia Dezie
agbụrụ Dezie
nhazi nke ọharoyalty, onye isi Dezie
okpukpere chi/echiche ụwaRussian Orthodox Church Dezie
ọkwa aghacolonel Dezie
ọchịagha nke (DEPRECATED)Preobrazhensky Regiment, Semenovsky Regiment, Izmaylovsky Regiment, Life Guard Horse Regiment Dezie
ngalaba aghaRussian Imperial Guard Dezie
Ọrụ ama amaHermitage Museum Dezie
A gụrụ ahaCatherine of Alexandria Dezie
Onye òtù nkeRoyal Prussian Academy of Sciences, Accademia delle Arti del Disegno Dezie
present in workCivilization V Dezie
Nwere ọrụ na mkpokọtaNationalmuseum, Philadelphia Museum of Art Dezie
ikike nwebiisinka dị ka onye okikecopyrights on works have expired Dezie

' Catherine II nke Russia''''''''''Catherine the Great (Екатерина II Алексеевна [Yekaterína II Alekséyevna] (21 Eprel [1729] ]] {2 May O.S.} - 6 Nọvemba 1796 {17 Nọvemba O.S.}) chịrị dị ka Empress nke Russia ihe karịrị afọ iri atọ; a mụrụ Sophie Augusta Fredericka nke Anhalt-Zerbst.


Ihe o kwụru[dezie]

I will live to make myself not feared.
Power without a nation's confidence is nothing.
The Laws ought to be so framed, as to secure the Safety of every Citizen as much as possible.
If any one Citizen could do what the Laws forbid, there would be no more Liberty; because others would have an equal Power of doing the same.
    • Dị ka e hotara na And I Quote: The Definitive Collection of Quotes, Sayings, and Jokes for the Contemporary Speechmaker (1992) nke Ashton Applewhite, Trip Evans, na Andrew Frothingham, p. 278
  • Ndị ọkà ihe ọmụma bụ ndị nwoke nwere ihu ọma. Ị na-ede na mpempe akwụkwọ na-enwe ndidi. Empress na-adịghị mma na m bụ, m na-ede na akpụkpọ anụ ndị dị ndụ.
    • Akwụkwọ ozi nye Denis Diderot, dị ka e hotara na Affairs of Women : A Modern Miscellany (2006) nke Colin Bingham dere.

Atụmatụ maka koodu iwu ọhụrụ (1768)[dezie]

Ekwesịrị ka edobe iwu ndị ahụ, na onye ọ bụla nwa amaala ekwesịghị iguzo n'egwu onye ọzọ; kama ka ha nile guzoro n’egwu otu iwu ahụ.
Usòrò:Catherine II nke Sablukov.jpg
Ojiji nke mmekpa ahụ megidere iwu niile nke okike na ihe kpatara ya; ọbụna ihe a kpọrọ mmadụ na-eti mkpu megide ya, na-ekwukwa n'oké olu ka e kpochapụ ya.
Usòrò:Catherine II nke J.B.Lampi dere (1793, Hermitage).jpg
Mgbe a na-ajụ ajụjụ ọdịnihu nwa amaala, ajọ mbunobi niile na-esite na Ọdịiche nke ọkwa ma ọ bụ Uba ga-egbochi; n'ihi na ha ekwesịghị inwe mmetụta ọ bụla n'etiti ndị ikpe na ndị a na-ebo ebubo.
Akwụkwọ nke Catherine the Great: Mmekọrịta ya na Voltaire na ntụziaka nke 1767 na ederede Bekee nke 1768 (1931) nsụgharị nke W. F. Reddaway
  • Ọkaakaa zuru oke; n'ihi na ọ dịghị ọchịchị ọzọ ma nke centers na ya n'alụbeghị di, nke nwere ike ime ihe na a Vigor proportionate na Ogologo nke dị otú ahụ a vast Dominion. na-achị ya. Ọ dị mkpa ka ọ bụrụ, na ngwa ngwa izipu ihe, nke ezitere site na akụkụ dị anya, nwere ike ime mgbanwe zuru oke maka igbu oge nke nnukwu anya nke ebe ndị ahụ na-eme. ruo Rọshịa, ma ọ gaara egosiworị mbibi ya dum.
  • Ọ ka mma ido onwe ya n'okpuru Iwu n'okpuru otu Nna-ukwu, karịa ido onwe ya n'okpuru ọtụtụ mmadụ.

n'ihi na ha ekwesịghị inwe mmetụta ọ bụla n'etiti ndị ikpe na akụkụ ndị a na-ebo ebubo.

  • Ọ dịghị onye ekwesịrị ka a na-ele ya anya dị ka onye ikpe mara, tupu ya anata ikpe ikpe ya; ma ọ bụ na Iwu enweghị ike ịnapụ ya ha Nchedo, tupu e gosi na ọ atụfuola ikike niile ya. Kedu ikike ikike nwere ike inye onye ọ bụla inye nwa amaala ntaramahụhụ n'oge, mgbe ọ ka na-enyo enyo, ma ọ bụ "Onye aka ya dị ọcha" ma ọ bụ "ikpe mara ya?" <!- Item 194.1-->
  • Otu Society of Citizens, yana ihe ọ bụla ọzọ, chọrọ usoro a kapịrị ọnụ: Ekwesịrị inwe ụfọdụ ga-achị na ndị ọzọ ga-erube isi. Ma nke a bụ mmalite nke ụdị isiokwu ọ bụla; nke na-eche onwe ya ma ọ bụ na-erughị ala, n'ihe gbasara ọnọdụ nke isiokwu. Na, n'ihi ya, dị ka Iwu nke okike nyere anyị iwu ka anyị lekọta anya, dị ka ọ dị na Anyị Ike, nke Ọganihu nke ihe niile. Ndị mmadụ; anyị kwesịrị ibelata ọnọdụ nke isiokwu, dị ka ezi Reason ga-ekwe. Ya mere, ịgbanahụ oge niile nke ibelata ndị mmadụ na steeti ịgba ohu, ma ewezuga oke mkpa kwesịrị na-apụghị izere ezere manyere anyị ime ya; n’ọnọdụ ahụ, e kwesịghị ime ya maka Uru nke anyị; ma maka Mmasị nke Steeti: N'agbanyeghị nke ahụ, ikpe ahụ abụghị ihe a na-ahụkarị. N'ime ụdị isiokwu ọ bụla nwere ike ịbụ, Iwu obodo kwesịrị ichebe, n'aka nke ọzọ, megide Mmegbu nke Ịgba Ohu, na, n'aka nke ọzọ, megide ihe egwu nke nwere ike isi na ya pụta.
  • O yikwara ka usoro nke inweta ego ha ga-enweta, nke ọhụrụ nke ndị nwenụ chepụtara, na-ebelata ma Ndị bi' na Mmụọ nke Agriculture na Russia. Ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ Obodo nta niile ka a na-atụ ụtụ nke ukwuu'. Ndị nwenụ, ndị na-adịkarịghị ma ọ bụ na-ebighị n'ime obodo ha, na-etinye ihe mgbochi n'isi nke otu, abụọ na ọbụna ruble ise, na-enweghị ihe ọ bụla gbasara Ụzọ nke ndị ọrụ ugbo ha nwere ike isi nwee ike. ka bulie Ego a.
    Ọ dị oke mkpa na Iwu ahụ ga-edepụta iwu nye ndị nwenụ, maka ụzọ ziri ezi ka e si ewelite ego ha nwetara; ma manye ha ịtụ ụtụ ụdị ụtụ isi, dị ka nke kacha nta ikewapụ onye ọrụ ugbo n'ụlọ na ezi na ụlọ ya; Nke a ga-abụ ụzọ nke ọrụ ugbo ga-esi gbasaa karịa, na ọnụ ọgụgụ mmadụ ga-abawanye na Alaeze Ukwu.

Ihe ncheta =[dezie]

To tempt, and to be tempted, are things very nearly allied.
There is nothing, it seems to me, so difficult as to escape from that which is essentially agreeable.

ntụkwasị obi, ma n’ime obi m, a tụrụ m n’anya maka enweghị uche ya na enweghị ikpe n’ọtụtụ ihe.

1752

  • Ịnwa ọnwụnwa na ịbụ onye a nwaa, bụ ihe ndị fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ njikọ aka, na, n'agbanyeghị ụkpụrụ omume kacha mma na-emetụta n'uche, mgbe ọ bụla mmetụta nwere ihe ọ bụla ime n'okwu ahụ, ọ dịghị ngwa ngwa. nwere obi ụtọ karịa ka anyị na-agarịrị nke ukwuu karịa ka anyị maara, ma amụtabeghị m otú ọ ga-esi kwe omume igbochi mkpali ya.
    Naanị ụgbọ elu bụ, ikekwe, naanị ọgwụgwọ; ma enwere ikpe na ọnọdụ nke ịgbapụ na-agaghị ekwe omume, n'ihi na kedu ka ọ ga-esi kwe omume ịfefe, gbanarị, ma ọ bụ tụgharịa azụ n'etiti ụlọ ikpe? Mgbalị ahụ kpọmkwem ga-eme ka e kwuo okwu. Ugbu a, ọ bụrụ na ị naghị efe efe,
    ọ dịghị ihe ọ bụla, ọ dị m ka ọ siri ike ịgbanarị ihe ahụ dị mma n'ezie. na-ekwekọghị na ebumpụta ụwa nke obi mmadụ; E wezụga nke ahụ, ọ dịghị onye na-ejide obi ya n'aka, na-eme ka ọ sie ike ma ọ bụ na-eme ka ọ ghọta ya na obi ụtọ.


Ekesaghị ya[dezie]

  • Ka mmadụ na-amatakwu, ka ọ na-agbagharakwa ya.
    • Ekwuru na ọ bụ Catherine II n'ịntanetị, ekenyere nke a na Confucius n'akwụkwọ ndị ebipụtara, mana enweghị akwụkwọ mbipụta na-ekwu na nke a bụ Catherine.


Okwu gbasara Catherine II[dezie]

Usòrò:Catherine II by J.B.Lampi (1780s, Kunsthistorisches Museum)) .jpg
Dịka onye ọchịchị, Catherine kwupụtara nnukwu nlelị maka usoro… "
  • Nwa adaeze a yiri ka ọ na-ejikọta ụdị ọchịchọ ọ bụla na onye ya. Ihe ọ bụla nwere ike ime ka ọchịchị ya mara mma ga-enwe mmasị n'ebe ọ nọ. A ga-akwalite sayensị na nka ka ọ gbasaa n'alaeze ahụ, a ga-arụkwa ọrụ bara uru maka akụ na ụba ụlọ. Ọ ga-agba mbọ imezigharị nlekọta nke ikpe ziri ezi na ịkwalite iwu; ma amụma ya ga-adabere na Machiavellianism; ma ọ gaghi-eju m anya ma n’ubi a ọ na-ama eze Prussia aka. Ọ ga-anakwere ajọ mbunobi nke ndị òtù ya banyere ịdị elu nke ike ya, ọ ga-agbalịsikwa ike inweta nkwanye ùgwù ọ bụghị site n'ezi obi na ezi omume nke omume ya kamakwa site n'igosipụta ike ya n'eleghị anya. N'agbanyeghị na ọ dị mpako, ọ ga-eji isi ike mee ihe ọ na-eme, ọ ga-esikwa ike imeghachi nzọụkwụ ụgha. Aghụghọ na ụgha dị ka ihe ọjọọ n'àgwà ya; ahuhu gādiri onye nātukwasi ya obi nke-uku. Ihe omume ịhụnanya pụrụ ịghọ ihe ịsụ ngọngọ nye ọchịchọ ya ma na-egbu ya maka udo nke obi ya. Nwa ada nwanyị a na-anụ ọkụ n'obi, nke egwu na nhụsianya nke nsogbu dị n'ime ka na-ejide ya, agaghị ama ihe mgbochi ọ bụla ozugbo ọ kwenyere na ya guzosie ike.
    • Baron de Breteuil dị ka e hotara na Akwụkwọ Isi Iyi maka Akụkọ Russia Vol. 2 (1972) nke George Vernadsky <! - Yale University Press -->
  • Ụmụ nwanyị dị ike bụ ndị ọchịchị na-enwe mmekọahụ dị ka Catherine the Great ma ọ bụ Elizabeth I, ma ọ bụ anụ ọhịa aghụghọ dị ka Cleopatra ma ọ bụ Helen nke Troy .
    • Celia Brayfield, onye edemede Bekee na onye nta akụkọ, onye na-arụkọ ọrụ nke National Academy of Writing UK, dị ka e hotara na Women's Wicked Wit : Site na Jane Austen ruo Roseanne Barr (2001) nke Michelle Lovric dere.
  • Dị ka onye na-achị achị, Catherine kwupụtara na ọ na-eleda usoro ihe anya dị ukwuu, bụ́ nke o kwuru na nna ya ukwu [[Voltaire] kụziiri ya ka ọ ghara ileda ya anya. ọnọdụ, echiche na njikọ."
    • edemede "Catherine II" na The Encyclopædia Britannica 11th mbipụta (1910), Vol. V, p. 527; Ihe ebe a na-egosi dị ka okwu nkwuwa okwu ka e mesịrị hota dị ka a ga-asị na ọ bụ nkọwa kpọmkwem na Thesaurus of Epigrams (1948) nke Edmund Fuller dere, na Otu puku okwu nke akụkọ ihe mere eme gosipụtara dị ka Foto dị na Prose (1971) site Walter Fogg: "Na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị onye ọchịchị nwere ike ga-eduzi ya site na ọnọdụ, echiche na njikọ."


Njikọ Mpụga[dezie]